Moonah Margaret Donald/Flickr


Shrub or small tree to 10 m high with hard, rough bark, dark grey bark on a trunk that is often twisted and bent by the effects of wind. Bark hard, fissured, slightly papery or flaking.


Arranged alternately, linear to narrow-elliptic, 5 – 15 mm long and 1 – 3 mm wide.


White or cream coloured and arranged in many-flowered spikes 2–4 cm long.

Field Guide

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Species: WhatToObserve Image

What to Observe

  • First fully open single flower

  • Full flowering (record all days)

  • End of flowering (when 95% of the flowers have faded)

  • Not flowering

  • Open seed pods

  • No fruits/seeds/pods

Species: WhenAndWhere Image

When and Where

When To Look

  • Year round
  • Flowers mainly appear in summer months
  • Fruits appear after flowers
  • Mature seed capsules are maintained on plants throughout the year

Where To Look

  • NSW, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland and Western Australia
  • Along coastal dune systems and drainage lines
  • Also grows in mallee or open woodland communities on clay soils; widespread in drier areas
Species: WhatElse Image

What Else?

Moonah trees are often twisted into unusual shapes, may range in height and live for around 300 years.