- Short description: Shrub or small pyramidal tree, yellowish green or bronzy. Numerous branchlets are hairy and flaky at first then become smooth and straight.
- Size: commonly 8-10m high
- Leaves: scale-like, triangular, 0.5 mm long and 2–3 mm long on new growth.
- Flowers: Yellow-green flowers in short, dense, clusters that are usually 6 mm long. Flowers appear in early spring to autumn (September to May)
- Fruits/seeds: globular, small, hard, greenish inedible nut at the end of a swollen orange to red stalk.
What to Observe
- First fully open single flower
- Full flowering (record all days)
- End of flowering (when 95% of the flowers have faded)
- No flowering
- Seeds/fruits (records all days)
ClimateWatch Science Advisor
We expect plants to start shooting and flowering earlier in the year as a result of climate change warming the Earth. They may also start appearing in new areas, as warmer temperatures enable them to live in environments that were previously too cold for them. Help scientists answer the question: "How are our animals, plants and ecosystems responding to climate change?"
When To Look
Flowers mainly throughout spring to autumn. (September to May)
Fruits in summer.
Note: ClimateWatch is looking for any changes in the timing of these events so remember to keep a lookout from early September!
Where To Look
Widespread in lowland or foothill open-forests and woodlands in higher rainfall areas of Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Queensland, Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales.
Note: ClimateWatch is looking for any changes outside of their known ranges so remember to keep a lookout beyond these regions too!
Pale-Fruit Ballarat (Exocarpos strictus): Much small than the Cherry Ballarat at 3.5m high and light green, bronzy, blue-green or greyish in colour. Flowers in short cluster of 2–6. Fruits oval, 2–7 mm long, red, white or mauve, succulent. Found in VIC, TAS AND SA.
Did You Know?
- Known as a hemiparasite (or semi-parasite) it needs other plants, particularly Eucalypts and to a lesser extent Acacias, in it’s earlier stages of life. This is due to it parasitising the roots of these plants and obtaining nutrients and water from them.
- The swollen orange to red stalk preceding the small hard fruit is often mistaken as the fruit itself.